It is found in virtually every kind of habitat, from openings in deep woods to cultivated fields, from rocky hillsides to fertile gardens and lawns. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. Gledhill, David (2008). | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. [41] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. [34] It is also an important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide. Wigg. Cambridge University Press. Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. It grows in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. [56] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. They are an invasive species in some areas. In April they almost dominate the landscape. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. This may be culturally very true as alcoholism and cirrhosis of the liver are common problems in England , and dandelion is said to help the liver out. The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth.[10]. vulgare). The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. As an adjective dandelion Common dandelion is the most common broadleaf weed in lawns, golf courses, athletic fields and other turfgrass areas. The human body produces free radicals naturally, but they cause harm by accelerating aging or the progression of certain diseases. The fruits, called cypselae,[12] range in color from olive-green or olive-brown to straw-colored to grayish, they are oblanceoloid in shape and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long with slender beaks. Even though dandelion pollen is of poor nutritional quality for honey bees, they readily consume it, and it can be an important source of nutritional diversity in heavily managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. Dandelions have at least two look-a-likes in our area, which can be considered second cousins once, maybe twice, removed from the common dandelion (or what I like to call true dandelion), which is naturalized from Europe. It occurs in all 50 states of the US and most Canadian provinces. [40], While not in bloom, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[24]. The common name Dandelion is given to members of the genus Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ). [citation needed]. Dandelions Lyrics: Maybe it's the way you say my name / Maybe it's the way you play your game / But it's so good, I've never known anybody like you / But it's so good, I've never dreamed of nobody It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Dandelion, flowering plants of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale and T. erythrospermum are the common weed forms). The leaves are 5-25 cm long, simple and basal, entire or lobed, forming a rosette above the central taproot. The perennial dandelion grows freely wherever it can find a bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. This is the most common variety of Dandelion, but there are thousands of varieties and cultivars to be found around the world. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Description. In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion. << Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Genus. The lanceolate shaped bractlets are in two series, with the apices acuminate in shape. However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. Workmen in the furnaces and potteries of the industrial towns of the Midlands have frequent resource to many of the tonic Herb Beers, finding them cheaper and less intoxicating than ordinary beer, and Dandelion stout ranks as a favourite. – common dandelion. The British notion was that when your health troubled you, dandelion was the cure. One example of a plant genus containing many species is Rosa, which contains more than 100 species of roses.In contrast, the genus Ginkgo is monotypic, containing only the common ginkgo (also called the maidenhair tree). [11], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. Wigg. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. [25], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. [49], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' There are many different common names for the Taraxacum genus throughout the world originating from how the plant looks to what type of action it produces in the body. [50], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. The leaves do indeed resemble sharp teeth. [30], Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia,[31] and was originally imported to America as a food crop. [32] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. [44] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[45] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. 117. The reason for the genus name seems pretty clear: in Greek Leontodon means lion´s tooth and this was (and still is) a common name of the dandelion in many languages. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. The French "dent-de-leon" meaning, "tooth of the lion" seems to be the derivation of our North American common name, Dandelion. [48] It has also been used in a saison ale called Pissenlit (the French word for dandelion, literally meaning "wet the bed") made by Brasserie Fantôme in Belgium. dandelion. 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