<< /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> The major source for Epicurean doctrine is Diogenes Laertius’third-century C.E. Commentary: A few comments have been posted about Letter to Menoeceus. In contrast to the letter to Herodotus, this letter focuses on the problem of explaining the things we see in the sky above, rather than on … For indeed who, think you, is a better man than he who holds reverent opinions concerning the gods, and is at all times free from fear of death, and has reasoned out the end ordained by nature? 130 i.e. Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus. T��n��ds���VG�z�"���ʆ�=��"�~?�^�q�X��Ϯ��l�l�V�9(q�C��j�b����B|Y&eͳ;��m��vR�C|&^���W�.���0H�"�=[;yh�����_ B舉��|ⷵC�Y�/�k٠&�;E��|5�����q@4{���$�cWl�k������^:+�S��^v&��Ļ�cC��. Peter Saint-Andre’s translation (2011) of Epicurus’ Letter To Menoeceus. And since pleasure is the first good and natural to us, for this very reason we do not choose every pleasure, but sometimes we pass over many pleasures, when greater discomfort accrues to us as the result of them: and similarly we think many pains better than pleasures, since a greater pleasure comes to us when we have endured pains for a long time. For we recognize pleasure as the first good innate in us, and from pleasure we begin every act of choice and avoidance, and to pleasure we return again, using the feeling as the standard by which we judge every good. Principal Doctrines and Letter to Menoeceus Epicurus Translated by Robert Drew Hicks Epicurus (341–270 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism. (This is a very For no age is too early or too late for the health of the soul. Diogenes Laërtius described Epicurus as a most prolific writer and preserved three of his letters and the Kyriai doxiai (“Principal Doctrines”). Translated by Cyril Bailey (1926). In his letter to Menoeceus, Epicurus offers a summary of his ethical system. 4 0 obj For it is not continuous drinkings and revelings, nor the satisfaction of lusts, nor the enjoyment of fish and other luxuries of the wealthy table, which produce a pleasant life, but sober reasoning, searching out the motives for all choice and avoidance, and banishing mere opinions, to which are due the greatest disturbance of the spirit. For it is then that we have need of pleasure, when we feel pain owing to the absence of pleasure; (but when we do not feel pain), we no longer need pleasure. For the virtues are by nature bound up with the pleasant life, and the pleasant life is inseparable from them. And he who counsels the young man to live well, but the old man to make a good end, is foolish, not merely because of the desirability of life, but also because it is the same training which teaches to live well and to die well. Discussion summary on : Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus – Philosophy course site. For gods there are, since the knowledge of them is by clear vision. 129 Between the letter to Pythocles and that to Menoeceus come excerpts (§§ 117-120) dealing with the wise man as conceived by Epicurus, to which are added (§§ 120, 121) some ethical tenets. (He thinks that with us lies the chief power in determining events, some of which happen by necessity) and some by chance, and some are within our control; for while necessity cannot be called to account, he sees that chance is inconstant, but that which is in our control is subject to no master, and to it are naturally attached praise and blame. Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus . Meditate therefore on these things and things akin to them night and day by yourself; and with a companion like to yourself, and never shall you be disturbed waking or asleep, but you shall live like a god among men. x��ے��u�����L{�螞��M�R([��e�|�B���Ȣl"�5������ @ϸ{���{���u�@�������O?z=�_�������\Z_m��\�6�{w��������j}��\o��_�7�6��n����C�������C?�Ͽ�������%4��7��m��������u��e�/���/9�s�7���0l��_�ۼ�|��K�.�]�7#f�� �_]v̏�ח������? Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. A Letter to Menoeceus The seeking of pleasure through moderation was one of Epicurus’ wisest examinations of the life around him. But they are not such as the many believe them to be: for indeed they do not consistently represent them as they believe them to be. For if he says this from conviction why does he not pass away out of life? Young or old, it is necessary to love and practice wisdom, so that in old age you can be youthful by taking joy in the good things epicurrus remember, and likewise in youth you … All we see are bills and responsibilities pilling up on the horizon. Letter to Menoeceus - Epicurus - Translated by Robert Drew Hicks - Epicurus; 341-270 BC, was an ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism. Only a few fragments and letters remain of Epicurus's 300 written works. “Letter to Menoeceus” by Epicurus Greetings: Seek Wisdom Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search of it when he has grown old. Wherefore prudence is a more precious thing even than philosophy: for from prudence are sprung all the other virtues, and it teaches us that it is not possible to live pleasantly without living prudently and honourably and justly, (nor, again, to live a life of prudence, honour, and justice) without living pleasantly. 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